Wine-growing in Georgia is one of the oldest in the world …
The wine-growing is one of the oldest in the world, and even maybe the cradle of wine. The first traces of viticulture date back 8000 years.
An ancestral expertise (vignification in Qvevri), a mosaic of terroir and numerous autochtone wine grape : the country has 540 authenticated wine grape.
Surrounded by the mountains on the three sides, occidental Georgia is largely open on the black sea. Here, the climat is quite warm, moderately subtropical. The main wine-growing regions are Imereti, Racha, Samegrelo, Guria, Achara.
Separate from the occidental Georgia by the Likhi mountain range, occidental Georgia has a moderate continental climat. Here, is the most important region, the Kakheti. This region is bordered by the Greater Caucasus mountains range to the north, Azerbaijan to the east and south. This region has a very uneven relief, a steppe landscape and large wine-growing territory (the Kakhétiens are reputed to be great wine drinkers). The traditions are still very alive there, like the polyphonic songs : the kakhetian soupras.
Kvevri is an ancestral method of vinification in jars, still practiced throughout Georgia, has just been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.